Management of Natural Resources
Natural resources of the republic form a basis of its economic potential. First of all, it concernes renewable resources which the republic is rich with (forest). In a combination to certain advantages of the geographical position of the republic, rather developed transport infrastructure and policy of the Government of the republic rational development of the base of natural resources is a priority task on which solution further economic development of the region depends.
A system of organization of performance of some powers delegated by the Russian Federation in the field of forestry relations is created in the republic where amendments were made upon modifications introduced in the forestry legislation of Russia. The Forestry Plan of the Republic of Karelia, forestry rules of forest areas was corrected. Persons exploiting forest develop long-term projects of forest development for rented forest plots.
To provide normative legal regulation concerning exploitation, conservation, defence and reproduction of forest related to as powers of the Republic of Karelia the Law of the Republic of Karelia On Rules of Forest Exploitation for Implementation of Kinds of Activity in the Sphere of Hunting Industry exists, amendments were made to the Law of the Republic of Karelia On the Order and Norms of Logging for Citizens' Own Needs.
In 2010 in comparison with the last year the scope of reafforestation works has increased considerably. Work on bringing the state forestry register in correspondence with requirements of the forestry legislation proceeded.
One of the basic mechanisms of cooperation between enforcement authorities with users of subsurface resources regarding maintenance of rational and efficient subsurface resources management is obtaining a license for the right to the use of minerals. Another tool of the state geological control is monitoring of performance of conditions of subsurface resources management.
In order to improve regulation of relations in the sphere of subsurface resources management in November, 2010 the Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Karelia has adopted amendments to the Law of the Republic of Karelia On Some Issues of Subsurface Resources Management.
According to the federal legislation the republic implements powers in the field of exploitation and conservation of water bodies. The powers delegated by the Russian Federation are stated in three spheres (on federally-owned water bodies): granting of federally-owned water bodies or their parts for use; realization of measures on protection of water objects; accomplishment of measures on prevention of negative influence of waters and rectification of the consequences. In 2010 for these purposes the republic was assigned 11,1 million roubles. Besides, in the field of water relations the republic administers powers of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation concerning issues of joint competence.
The Government of the Republic of Karelia within the scope of its powers participates in implementation of federal policy in the field of ecological development in territory of the Republic of Karelia, states basic directions of the environment conservation, adopts and implements regional target programs, carries out the state ecological control of the regional level of objects of economic activities, informs the population on the environmental condition in the Republic of Karelia.