Gradual decreasing of social-economic growth rate was characteristic for Karelia and for the whole country in 1970-80. The reason was in administrative-commanding type of the government system and the extensive development of economy.
August 9,1990 the Supreme Soviet of Karelia
adopted declaration on the state sovereign of Karelian SSR and November 13, 1991 Karelian SSR was
renamed as the Republic of Karelia, After the USSR splitting the Republic of Karelia signed the Federative treaty March 31, 1992 as a full and equal subject of the independent Russian Federation, chosen
the market way of economy development and democratic reforms. November 1992 the First National Congress of Finns, Karelians and Veps was held. It discussed the current problems of national-cultural development of Finno-Ugrian population of Karelia. In 1991 and 1994 the Constitution of Karelia, adopted in 1978, underwent considerable changes in accordance with new terms of social development.
Karelia has been always famous for its culture development. The icons of ancient painters and unique monuments of old Russian architecture- Kizhy church,
(1714-1874),Kondopozhskaya church (1774), Kemsky cathedral (1711-1717) are recognized all over the world. The Finnish folklorist E. Lyonroot wrote Karelian epic runas in the Northern Karelia in 1830.
These runas served the basis of the famous epos "Kalevala.". In 1860 P. Ribnikov studied
the living forms of Russian epos in Prionezhye. The outstanding masters of folk poetry are world wide famous. They are: A. and M. Perttunen, V. Kievelainen, A. Lechtonen, M.Micheeva, T. and I. Ryabinina,
I. Phedosova, V. Schtegolyonok, F. Konashkov and others.
In the course of cultural transformations Karelian intelligentsia has been formed. Science, professional literature and art has been developed. The works of composers G. Sinisalo and K. Rautio, the painter S. Yuntunen, the sculptor L. Lunkinen, the writers A.
Timonen, Ya. Rugoev, O. Stepanov, D. Gusarov, N. Laine, T. Summanen, T. Guttari won both Russian and
N. Korablev (Karelian Research Center
of Russian Academy of Sciences)
From the history of Karelia | the most important historical dates and events