Konstantin Arseniev (1789-1865)
Konstantin Ivanovich Arseniev was a geographer, statistician and historian, the full member of the Russian Academy (1836), the academician of the Petersburg Academy of Science. Ha has founded the Central statistical committee of Russia, and was one of the founders of home economic geography. He started his scientific way in Karelia having written a monography Description of Olonets Mining Factories (1812-13, published in 1830). Also he has spent his last years here. Konstantin Arseniev died and was buried in Petrozavodsk.
Pavel Rybnikov (1831-1885)
Pavel Nikolaevich Rybnikov was a specialist in folklore and ethnography. In 1859-1866 he has been deported to the Olonets province. He has opened the real existence of the Russian epos here and published recorded bylinas and other genres of the folklore in his four-volume set of works The Songs Collected by P.Rybnikov (1861-1867). Pavel Rybnikov was awarded with a gold medal of the Russian geographical society and the Demidov premium (1864).
Phillip Fortunatov (1848-1914)
Phillip Fedorovich Fortunatov was a linguist, the academician of the Petersburg Academy of Science since 1898. He has founded the Moscow linguistic school which has been a figure in development of the general and comparative-historical linguistics. Academician Fortunatov laid the foundation of formal grammar. In 1857-63 he studied in the Petrozavodsk grammar school. Since 1894 in summertime he used to come to work and have a rest in Kosalma, near Petrozavodsk. He has died and was buried in Kosalma.
Dmitry Bubrih (1890-1949)
Dmitry Vladimirovich Bubrih was a linguist, the corresponding member of the Academy of Science of the USSR (1946). He has founded Finno-Ugric studies in Russia. He was the author of fundamental works on phonetics and morphology of Finno-Ugric languages and ethnogeny of Finno-Ugric peoples. Since 1940 he was the professor, the Head of the Chair at Petrozavodsk State University, in 1947-49 he was the director of the Institute of Language, Literature and History of the Karelian-Finnish research base of the Academy of Science of the USSR.
Alexander Polkanov (1888-1963)
Alexander Aleksandrovich Polkanov was the geologist, academician of the Academy of Science of the USSR (1943), the winner of the Lenin premium (1962). He was the author of fundamental works on petrology of intrusive rocks and Pre-Cambrian geochronology. A.Polkanov was one of the discoverers of the potassium-argon method of geological formations' dating, and had accomplished expedition researches in Karelia since 1920s. In 1946-1947 he was the first director of the Karelian-Finnish research base of the Academy of Science of the USSR (nowadays Karelian Research Centerof the Russian Academy of Science). He has done a great work on resourcing, definition of the basic spheres for scientific researches, solving problems of material support of the Academy of Science of the USSR that was a new complex institution.
Kauko Krats (1914-1983)
Kauko Ottovich Krats was a geologist, the corresponding member of the Academy of Science of the USSR (1968). One of the first-rate researchers in geology, geochronology and petrography of the Baltic board. From 1946 to 1959 Kauko Krats was a research fellow of the sector (Institute) of geology of the Karelian-Finnish (Karelian) branch of the Academy of Science of the USSR. In 1962-1966 he was the Director of the Institute of geology of the Karelian-Finnish Academy of Science of the USSR.